Donald Dripps, a professor at the University of the San Diego School of Law, illustrated the capricious and compulsive nature of pleadings in 2016 in the William and Mary Law Review. Dripps cited the case of Terrance Graham, a 16-year-old black boy who tried to rob a restaurant with a few friends in 2003. The prosecutor charged Graham as an adult, and he was sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole in court. The prosecutor offered Graham a lot in exchange for an admission of guilt: one year in prison and two more years of probation. Graham took the deal. But he was later charged with participating in another robbery and violating his parole – after which the judge handed down the life sentence. Although oral arguments are often criticized, more than 90% of criminal convictions come from negotiated pleas. As a result, less than 10 per cent of criminal proceedings are effectively brought to justice. So what are the incentives to make arguments? It turns out that it is quite complicated and does not simply rely on his guilt or innocence. Below is a selection of the different perspectives of the criminal justice system`s stakeholders on the pros and cons of pleading. 3.
It speeds up the testing process. Plea`s good business is an important factor in restructuring offenders, accusing them of their trial and letting them voluntarily pass through the law, without having costly and tedious trials. On the one hand, the judicial system was unable to cope with the burden. Plea-good business agreements are also very popular. It is estimated that more than nine out of ten criminal convictions stem from an admission of guilt made in the course of a plea. However, critics argue that the initiative to resolve cases through pleadings jeopardizes the constitutional rights of the accused, who could be put under pressure to admit their guilt, whether guilty or not. The Plea negotiations are an agreement that is used in criminal matters to avoid a lengthy procedure. Here, the prosecutor and the accused work together to reach an agreement, instead of taking the trial before a jury. It often contains things like the plea for a lesser charge and the charge of guilt in exchange for a lighter sentence. In the United States, where many cases are settled through oral arguments, not court proceedings, this is very common. The strategy worked.